These three fragments from a banner comprise a head and two pieces of lining. The banner head is made of plain woven silk with tapestry woven borders. The interior triangular piece, 10.2 cm high and 16.1 cm wide, is painted with a floral pattern on plain woven silk: a large central flower and three other flowers in the corners, on a blue ground. The top part of banner panel remains, 4.2 cm high, mainly consisting of a painted valance in strips of orange and red, with narrow lines in between. The silk tapestry border, 2.7 cm wide, has a pattern of four green petal-rosettes and four buds arranged in staggered rows, each enclosing a standing bird. Each roundel is 4.3 cm in height. Gold strips backed with paper are woven in the centre of the petals and form the outlines of the buds. A reddish orange textile, about 4.5 cm high, is sewn to the top of the banner as a suspension loop.
The pattern of floral roundels enclosing standing birds found in silk may be identified as ‘the Duke of Lingyang Style’. The Tang dynasty scholar Zhang Yanyuan in his treatise Lidai minghua ji (Records of Famous Paintings) noted that Duke of Lingyang was a native of Sichuan province and an official of the early Tang, who became well-known for his designs for tribute textiles, hence the name ‘Duke of Lingyang Style’.
The two other fabrics (MAS.905.b, MAS.905.c) are both of dark brown plain weave and were used as linings for the head and for the banner.
a-1. Silk plain weave painted with floral pattern
Warp: silk, untwisted, single, undyed, 56 ends/cm; Weft: silk, untwisted, single, undyed, 45 lats/cm. Weave structure: 1/1 plain weave.
a-2. Silk tapestry with roundels
Warp: silk, Z-2S ply, single,white, 21 ends/cm; Weft: silk, untwisted, single, red, yellow, white, blue, green, brown and yellowish brown etc., c.86 lats/cm; gold strip. Weave structure: 1/1 plain weave with discontinuous wefts.
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